Houseplants can liven up and brighten a room. Even the smallest of them can delight the eye every day. Pilea, although a small flower, is able to cope with the tasks. Many species with colorful and shiny leaves will be a real gem in your floral collection. However, even to such an unpretentious plant, you need to find the right approach.
The most numerous genus in the vast family of Nettles is the pilea. This humble plant, according to some sources, has more than 600 species. In nature, there are herbaceous and shrub forms that live from a year or more.
Pilea is the most extensive genus of the Nettle family
The distribution area of the pylaea is huge - subtropics, tropics, warm regions with a temperate climate. But, unfortunately, the exceptions are New Zealand and Australia - the pilea is not found there. In habitats, the plant prefers to hide in semi-shady and humid forest places.
Pilea is a small plant. Semi-shrub species grow to only 40 cm in height. The varieties creeping on the ground have shoots well branching from the base. The stems are juicy and fleshy, but very fragile. A short petiole connects the opposite leaves to the stem. The shape, size, color and structure of the leaf blade depend on the species.
The name "pilea" is translated in a very funny way. Literally translated, it sounds like a "felt hat". If you look closely, in many species you can see a perianth leaf similar to a hood.
Pilea flowers are small and inconspicuous. They are located in the axils singly or in the form of inflorescences, similar to loose panicles or umbrellas.
Pilea flowers are small and inconspicuous
Due to the interesting feature of the small-leaved pilea flowers, to fire a cloud of pollen during blooming, the plant is also called an artillery tree.
Pilea was introduced into indoor floriculture in the 18th century. The plant has easily adapted to home conditions and caring for it is not difficult. Even a novice florist can grow this cute flower. The saw is used for landscaping not only residential premises. Various varieties will replenish the collection of any winter garden, decorate the workplace and look harmonious in any flower arrangement.
Pilea is a very unpretentious flower, but effective
The huge species diversity of pili implies the presence of a variety of leaf shapes and textures: ovoid, broadly lanceolate, oval, with a serrate or crenate edge of the leaf, with a glossy surface or pubescent. The same can be said for the color scheme.
|Monofilament saw||A herbaceous plant with elongated creeping shoots up to 50 cm long. Bright green rounded leaves with a shiny surface and a crenate edge are small in size - about 1 cm. The leaf blade looks uneven and slightly bumpy due to veins pressed into it|
|Pilea Kadier||A bushy plant up to 40 cm high. Shoots are thin and flexible, grow straight in a young age, and then bend slightly downward, acquiring an ampelous shape. The leaves are large enough - up to 10 cm.The upper side of the leaf plate has a characteristic silvery pattern, which contrasts well with the green background.|
|Small-leaved saw||A low-growing herb 15 cm high. The shoots are spreading and strongly branching. Small numerous oval-shaped leaves give the plant an openwork appearance. The overgrown flower resembles a fern|
|Wrapped saw||Shrub with erect shoots 30 cm high. Decorative plant. A sheet plate with jagged edges looks wrinkled due to the multitude of depressed veins. Color: light green with a copper touch|
|Peperomium pylaea||Very different from their relatives. It has an erect stem 30 cm high, which over time lignifies at the base. Branches weakly. Leaves on long stalks are rounded, shiny surface and rich green color. With age, the leaves fall and expose the trunk, which makes the plant resemble a small palm tree.|
|Pilea Spruce||A low plant with a height of only 20 cm. Of particular interest are oval-shaped leaves with a serrated edge. Their surface in structure resembles the skin of a reptile. The matte velvety surface of the leaf plate is painted in a bright green color, on which red-brown veins stand out in contrast|
|Compressed saw||Ground cover species, forming a dense rug on the surface of the earth. Tiny, up to 6 mm, light green leaves give the plant an original curly look|
Many types of saws have become the original forms for creating many hybrids, which are distinguished by their original color and excellent adaptability to various conditions of detention.
|Pilea Norfolk||Herbaceous perennial plant with erect, but lodging shoots with age. The leaves are decorative, with a velvety surface, painted in a bright green color with a silvery sheen. Veins are red-brown|
|Pilea Silver tree||The plant is highly branching. Leaves are oval in shape, with denticles, have a slight pubescence. The bronze-green main background is decorated with a silver stripe in the center and smaller spots all over the surface.|
|Pilea Ellen||The leaves of this small hybrid are striking in their silvery-olive color.|
Despite the unpretentiousness of the saw, it is necessary for it to withstand the necessary conditions depending on the season. This is especially true for moisturizing and lighting the plant.
|Spring||Pilea, which is cultivated as an indoor plant, is comfortable at 25 ° C throughout the year. In the summer, the flower will gladly move from the room to the balcony, but to a secluded corner, protected from the draft and the sun||Tropicana likes high humidity, although it can tolerate dry air for some time. Its bumpy leaves, covered with villi, do not tolerate accumulations of moisture, so it is unnecessary to spray the flower. In hot periods, the air humidity should be increased with special devices for humidification or simply put the pot on a pallet with a wet filler, but in this case you need to make sure that the water is at the bottom of the drain hole. You can put a container with wet sand not far from the saw||Pilea develops very well in light penumbra. The bright sun is able to leave burns on the soft leaves. Therefore, shading is indispensable on the south side. — these are the directions where the plant will feel best|
|Fall||In winter, the temperature should not drop below 16 ° C. The most optimal atmosphere for plants — This is the reading of the thermometer at around 20 ° C. During this period, drafts are especially contraindicated for the pylaea. The peperomial pylaea can tolerate even lower temperatures up to 10 ° C.||There is no special need to moisten the pilya in autumn, with the exception of the heating period.||In winter, the saw needs more light, so put the pot with the plant in the lightest room. Phytolamps can be used|
In the summertime, the pilea is not averse to getting some fresh air
Pilea is the best suited for keeping in florariums. It is compact, gets along well with other plants and easily adapts to the microclimate inside the vessel. It can be grown both in an open and in a closed florarium.
Pilea is ideal for florariums
Pilea grows very quickly. A young seedling is able to reach its optimal size in 1 growing season. Therefore, the plant is transplanted almost annually. Although many gardeners do this once every 2-3 years, maintaining the optimal shape of the flower by pruning. The most suitable period for transplanting is spring and the first half of summer.
To choose the right container for planting or transplanting, you should carefully study the structure of the root system of the pilea. The roots of the plant are compact and delicate, located superficially. Based on these data, we select a shallow pot (no more than 10 cm deep, and best of all - 7.5 cm), but wide, and always with drainage holes. The material from which the pot is made does not matter.
The pot for planting or replanting the saw should be shallow and wide
The soil mixture for planting and transplanting should be chosen light and loose, with good air and moisture permeability. In the store you can buy universal soil for decorative deciduous plants. But you can prepare the mixture yourself. Combine and mix well the following components, taken in equal parts:
Do not forget to disinfect the composition. To do this, the soil can be calcined, or you can use the freezing method.
And the final touch is drainage. This is a prerequisite, since the delicate root system easily deteriorates from moisture stagnation. Drainage should be chosen in the finest fraction, since the pots have a small volume.
Transferred to a new container saw
The sawea is a small plant, therefore, as a rule, it does not need support. But you can fantasize a little and direct the shoots of the ampelous plant up. To do this, a small stick, wrapped in moss, must be fixed in a pot and carefully fasten the shoots on it.
The unpretentiousness of the pilea does not relieve the grower of the obligation to care for the plant.
The saw should be watered, observing one rule - it is better to underfill than overflow. The plant is able to endure a slight drying out of the soil, as opposed to waterlogging. Before the next watering, the soil should dry out by almost half of its volume.
In winter, you need to be careful when moistening the soil. At low temperatures, moisture evaporates slowly, which, if the irrigation regime is not followed, can lead to waterlogging of the earth and pilea disease. To avoid such situations, you need to moisturize on the 2nd or 3rd day after the substrate dries.
Watered only with well-settled water. If it is possible to use melt water, it will benefit the plant. The temperature of the moisture intended for irrigation should be 20–22 ° С.
Pilea does not like waterlogged soil
Fertilizers from March to August are applied once a week and a half. Complex liquid fertilizers used for decorative deciduous plants are suitable for feeding. The concentration of the dressing is maintained according to the instructions.
In the autumn-winter period, the number of dressings is reduced to 1 time per month.
Pylaea, properly fed, looks like a real decoration
At home, the flowering of the pilea — a rare process, but quite possible if favorable conditions are created for the plant. The plant usually blooms in summer. The process is very modest: small and monochromatic flowers are almost invisible among the bright decorative leaves.
Withered flowers must be carefully pinched off so that they do not spoil the overall impression.
Pilea rarely blooms at home.
Pilea does not retire in winter, but continues to grow actively. If there is a desire to send the plant for forced rest, then it is best to do this between October and February. For this, the temperature is lowered to 18–20 ° C in order to suspend the physiological processes in the plant. Watering is strictly controlled to avoid root decay; the air around the plant is not humidified.
The dormant period of the pylaea is not pronounced, even in winter the flower continues to grow
For fast-growing saws, formative pruning is a must. If this is not done, then the plant will lose its compact size, the shoots will elongate, become bare, and the pilea will lose all attractiveness.
To form a lush bush, they pinch the shoots. Usually, the procedure is carried out at the very beginning of spring, until a period of active growth has begun. It is useful to combine pruning with transplanting.
In order for the saw to retain its curvaceous shape, it must be trimmed.
With all the simplicity in caring for the saw, annoying mistakes occur that can lead to a disastrous result. But if the mistake is eliminated in a timely manner, then the lost appearance can be easily restored.
|Leaves wrinkle and then fall off||Pilea thrives at an average temperature of 25 ° C throughout the year. Try to bring the indoor temperature back to normal, and water the plant in accordance with the rules|
|Leaves turn pale, become lethargic||Excessive lighting||Pilea loves bright, but diffused light. Lightly shade the plant, standing in the active sun|
|Leaves lose color, shrink, shoots stretch out||Lack of lighting||Pilea, although it grows well in diffused light, does not tolerate shade, especially for species with colored leaves. If it is not possible to keep the plant under suitable lighting, use a phytolamp|
|Dry yellow spots appear on the leaves.||Sunburn marks||If the sun's rays fall on the place where the flower is kept, use a light curtain or curtain for shading.|
|Leaves turn black, soften and fall||Excessive soil moisture||Follow the watering rules. Before the next moistening, the soil must dry out|
|Lower leaves fall, but young ones appear in time and develop well||Natural process||With fast growth for sawing, this is a common situation, which can be corrected by pruning.|
|Leaves drooped and lost their elasticity||Insufficient watering||Frequent drying out of the soil can destroy the plant. Schedule Watering Based on Ambient Temperatures|
Not watered in time, the saw looks deplorable
Pilea is a hardy plant, and when you follow the simple rules of care, it will delight you with bright colors and magnificent forms. But non-compliance with the simplest requirements will cause the flower to weaken, and, as a result, diseases can develop and pests appear.
It is very difficult to see harmful insects on the bright and wrinkled leaves of the pilea, so you need to inspect the plant often and carefully, especially if it is exposed to fresh air during the summer.
|Diseases and pests||Cause||Symptoms||Control measures||Prophylaxis|
|Root and stem rot||With frequent watering of the soil, especially in a cold room, rotroots and stems develops, caused by fungi.||The soil is moist, but the plant looks drooping and lifeless. Roots begin to rot, stems soften at the base, become watery, leaves fall||Transplant the plant to new soil urgently. Treat with Topaz||Study the watering rules carefully and put them into practice|
|Spider mite||High air temperature, combined with low humidity, is a favorable environment for the spread of insects.||The pest pierces the leaf and sucks out the juices, after which dots remain at the puncture site. Growing, they form large spots. The leaves become lifeless and fall off. It is easy to find the tick with a thin cobweb that appears on the stems and the back of the leaf.||Treat the plant with Aktara, Fufanon or Desis according to the instructions||Maintain the necessary level of humidity around the flower. If the pest has just appeared, a warm shower will help to cope with the picture. After the water procedure, do not rush to put the saw in place. Shake off the leaves of the plant with water and let them dry completely|
|Mealybug||A plant attacked by a pest quickly weakens, its growth stops. Signs of infection are white, navat-like, sticky secretions from the worm||Aktara will help to cope with the pest. The solution is prepared according to the instructions.|
|Thrips||Small black or gray insects on the inner side of the leaf lay larvae that feed on intercellular sap. Colorless spots are formed on the damaged areas of the leaf plate, the damaged tissue dies, the shoots are deformed. The plant, covered with a silvery bloom, indicates a massive settlement by the pest||In case of severe lesion, Fitoverm is used - 2 ml per 200 ml of water. After processing, put a bag on the flower and leave it for a day. Aktellik - 1 ampoule per 1 liter of water. This preparation has a strong odor, so work with it outdoors or in a ventilated room.||Glue traps will help to cope with a small number of pests. Treatment with the infusion of pure body is a good prevention of thrips. Replacing the top layer of soil will help prevent further spread of insects.|
|Shield||This is an infrequent visitor to the pyla, but very insidious. Young individuals very quickly spread over the plant, and it is impossible to notice them with the naked eye. Adult pests hide under a brown shell. Feeding on plant juices, insects lead to its deformation, because of the leaves they dry out. If the threat is not identified in time, the flower is doomed to death||Treatment with Aktellikomi Fitoverm. After a week, you need to repeat the treatment||Most often, the scabbard appears on the saws with smooth leaves. If you find a pest in time, you can remove it with a cloth dampened in a mild soapy solution. Do not forget to re-inspect after a week.|
The easiest and most affordable way to propagate your favorite sawtooth is by cuttings. Moreover, there will be no shortage of planting material. Pruning will help to restrain the active growth of the saw and to maintain its decorative effect, after which the remaining cuttings will be quite useful for rooting. You can do this simple process throughout the year.
Cuttings with a length of at least 10 cm are suitable for rooting. The lower part of the shoot is freed from the leaves, after which the cutting can be planted in a suitable loose substrate, wet sand or placed in a container with water.
Pilea takes root well even in water
It is advisable to cover the container with the cuttings planted in the ground or sand with a bag so that it is warm and humid inside (but not too much). Make sure that the leaves do not touch the inside of the bag and condensation does not accumulate on its surface. The mini greenhouse should be placed in a place protected from direct sun.
Rooting is fast. When the first young leaves appear, the plant must be gradually accustomed to the ambient temperature, briefly removing the bag.
A rooted pilea stalk is gradually accustomed to the environment
A week after the plant gets used to the conditions of detention, it can be transplanted into a permanent container. To make a lush bush, you can plant several saws in one pot.
Seed propagation at home is almost never practiced. Some types of pylaea shoot ripe seeds and sow the space around them. But in room conditions, it is almost impossible to achieve seed ripening. They are very rarely found on sale. But if you managed to buy the coveted bag, then the process of germinating seeds goes according to the standard scheme:
You can use a greenhouse to germinate pilea seeds.
Pilea, with her docile nature, proved that it is not in vain that she is a favorite plant among flower growers, especially beginners. Colored, but not too flashy leaves set you up for peace of mind, and simple care will help you achieve peace of mind. You yourself will not notice how to make friends with a charming and modest flower.
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