Hybrid varieties of gherkin cucumbers are loved by many gardeners due to their great variety. You can always pick up ones that can be grown outdoors or in protected conditions.
Below we will talk about the best varieties of cucumbers belonging to the hybrid super-beam type gherkins. From the article it will be possible to learn how to properly grow these vegetables, and for which climate they are best suited. The article also provides information on the benefits of gherkins for the human body.
Reference! Gherkins must be harvested every day.
In general, cucumber is a very healthy vegetable that should be in the diet of every person, especially during the season. It contains vitamins, amino acids and other useful substances.
In addition, cucumber has the following beneficial properties:
Reference! The variety gives a large yield even in places where there is fog and sharp temperature changes.
A distinctive feature of superbeam hybrids is that they must be formed into 1 stem. This improves the illumination level of the ovaries and the main stem. Experienced gardeners also advise plucking the ovaries at the bottom four knots to ensure a good harvest.
The shoots should be pinched off along the entire length of the lash of the plant, keeping the main one, on which only the main shoot should be left. In turn, one bunch of cucumbers and one leaf should remain on the main shoot.
Planting rules must also be followed. There should be no more than 2 plants per 1 m².
Important! Harvesting during the ripening period must be done every day.
If the gardener observes all the rules for caring for varieties of cucumbers of superbundled gherkins, then the yield will ultimately be able to reach up to 40 kg per 1 m². One plant can produce up to 400 cucumbers per season.
When choosing varieties of cucumbers for growing in greenhouses and greenhouses, you need to pay attention to several parameters. All of them have an impact on the final result - the harvest. Below we will consider the selection features, and also give the best varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses for 2017-2018 according to gardeners' reviews.
Indoors, 3 groups of modern varieties can develop normally:
Is it possible to plant different varieties of cucumbers in one greenhouse? Experienced vegetable growers answer this question in the affirmative. It is not recommended to give preference to only one variety; for reliability, it is better to plant at least 2-3, from different companies.
Benefits of hybrid greenhouse cucumbers
Selection factors for specific varieties:
It should be remembered that modern breeding has achieved tremendous success in the field of disease resistance of cucumbers, but they are still susceptible to attacks by insect pests (greenhouse whitefly, spider mites, melon aphids, etc.).
The most popular variety is Parisian Gherkin. It is pollinated by bees. Its fruits ripen after 40 days, and the weight is from 55 to 80 g. Growing gherkins does not require special care, basically, it consists in weeding from weeds, loosening the soil and proper watering.
Watering is necessary with warm, stagnant water after 2-3 hours of the day, when the activity of the sun decreases. Moderate watering is needed for the plant during the appearance of the leaves. When the plant begins to bloom, watering is reduced and then increased again during the fruit formation stage.
Seeds of bunch cucumbers are more expensive than seeds of classical types. But, 5 seeds of a standard package will make 5 bushes, which will provide a harvest of fruits of about 45-50 kg during the growing season.
According to reviews, the following varieties are popular with gardeners:
Domestic variety selected by the Sedek company. Medium early, with the onset of fruiting in 43-45 days. Medium branching type, parthenocarpic, self-pollinated. Included in the State Register of Plants of the Russian Federation in 2007. Created for central Russia.
There are 3-4 ovaries in the node. Productivity 25 kg per 1 m2. Fruits are green with whitish stripes, large tuberous with thorns. The taste is juicy, the pulp is not bitter, almost without seeds.
Long fruiting until frost. Purpose salad, suitable for preparations.
Bred in the Urals. Early maturing, parthenocarpic. Medium - branched. Its advantage is its tolerance to temperature changes, many diseases, pests. Suitable for the northern climate of the Russian Federation. One knot contains 3 to 7 ovaries. Prolonged fruiting until frost. The yield is high, one bush gives up to 400 fruits with proper care.
Planting scheme - 2 bushes per 1 m2. It is better to form a plant into one stem, then the tying of cucumber bouquets occurs on the main whip. It will not waste energy on the growth of lateral processes.
Zelentsy are cylindrical, medium - lumpy. The color is light green with whitish stripes and thorns. The variety is universal for consumption.
Bred in Germany. Mid-season, self-pollinating. Vegetation lasts 45-50 days. Bushes are medium - branched. Zelentsy are medium in size, 10-11 cm, bright green, with whitish stripes, small tubercles. Taste without any signs of bitterness. Fruits without voids. Productivity is 4-6 kg per 1 m2. Resists well cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew.
An interesting variety in appearance. Medium early, from germination to maturation 45-53 days. Bee-pollinated. The bushes are highly branched, with 1-3 ovaries in the axils. Fruits are dark green, up to 40 cm long, prickly pimples. Fruit weight up to 300 g. Productivity 15 kg per m2. The pulp is very tender, without bitterness. Salad cucumbers. The benefits include disease and rot resistance.
Parthenocarpic hybrid. Early maturing, the period before the appearance of ovaries is 40 days. Medium - branched bush with 6 ovaries in the leaf axils. Long-term fruiting. Seedling growing is recommended. Zelentsy cylindrical with thorns. The taste is pleasant. A variety of universal use.
A disadvantage can be considered that the plant is not entirely resistant to penosporosis - downy mildew, therefore, preventive measures are necessary.
In addition, there are such common varieties of bouquet cucumbers, as Blizzard F1, Yamal F1, Champion F1, Zyatek F1, Boy with a finger F1, Bouquet F1, Masha F1, Captain F1. It should be noted the new early-ripening variety Siberian garland F1, resistant to low temperatures, tolerates partial shade.
Breeding work on varieties of bunch hybrids does not stand still. More recently, a variety of gherkins with a growth retardation was bred, that is, the fruits do not outgrow, up to 12 ovaries are formed in one bunch.
All varieties grow well in open beds, without greenhouses.
Wanting to get the harvest as soon as possible, gardeners select unique fast-growing varieties from the very beginning. A popular variety of fast-growing vegetables is bunch cucumbers. Their main feature is the type of fruiting. During the formation of ovaries and leaves, they form single and paired female flowers. Because of such an abundance, the harvest is always rich, and care is required to be small, but careful.
Tufted cucumbers are a variety of varieties. Each one is unique and requires special care. This is a set of varieties that, during the ripening period, form internodes with ovaries in large quantities - up to 15 pieces. Moreover, when there are more than 10 ovaries, such varieties are called superbundled cucumbers. For comparison, other cucumbers in the greenhouse and in the open field form up to three ovaries. Sometimes you can see another name - bouquet-type cucumbers, because the inflorescences look like small bouquets.
Clusters for open field and greenhouses grow quickly. Instead of 60 days, bouquets ripen in a period of 40 days.
Cucumber varieties with a tuft ovary require little but well-organized care. Otherwise, their main feature is lost - the speed and amount of the harvest. The amount of the final yield of the bunch type is twice that of other varieties.
Varieties of bunch cucumbers for open ground appear almost simultaneously - this is unusual and interesting. Bundling cucumbers is a quick process.
Depending on climatic conditions, the formation of ovaries begins already on the third day after germination, and small gherkins appear earlier than two months later.
Incomparable advantages of the view:
The disadvantages include frequent harvesting. Such a schedule is not always convenient for working summer residents.
All varieties of beam and superbeam hybrids differ slightly in terms of cultivation and taste. Bunch cucumbers, seeds of their varieties are similar to each other, however, you need to choose the type whose characteristics are suitable for the growing conditions in a particular area. Only in this case will the variety meet all the expectations placed on it. All vegetables of long-term fruiting are subdivided into self-pollinated bunch and bee-pollinated. The description of the variety touches on this issue in detail.
Bee-pollinated species are unsuitable for greenhouses, therefore, it is better to organize the cultivation of bundled cucumbers of some types in the open field on the street.
The best self-pollinated species have been identified:
Similarly to these three varieties, cucumbers all look like a bunch, cucumber PMT F1, a humpbacked horse and a toddler.
All bee-pollinated varieties are suitable for open ground: Goosebump F1, Prestige F1, Mother-in-law F1, Temp F1, Furor F1, Shosha F1, Matryoshka, Azbuka. Among the self-pollinated varieties, there are also some that are suitable only for open ground. These varieties include:
All these varieties are susceptible to black rot, which develops especially strongly in greenhouse conditions, which is why they are only suitable for growing in open beds.
Some bunch vegetables are not suitable for growing outdoors due to the whimsical conditions. They can die from excessive moisture or drought, as well as from temperature surges.
Among the bunch vegetables, there are varieties that have slow growth. There are few of them, but they are perfect for summer residents who spend only a few days a week on their personal plot. These vegetables grow to a certain size and do not outgrow it. It:
They are suitable for growing in a greenhouse, so there is no need to worry about them rotting in the event of rainy weather during the week.
A few secrets to ensure the cultivation of a quality product. The light-loving nature of bunch cucumbers forces gardeners to plant a vegetable in an area that has unlimited access to light.
You need to provide assistance in the formation. When the first stem appears, attach it to the trellis. The yield is increasing.
Frequent harvesting is recommended. In addition to some varieties, bunch vegetables are harvested almost every day.
Natalia, 42 years old.
I have seen photos and videos with bunch cucumbers on the Internet for a long time. They attracted me by the fact that they are quite large, with dense flesh. I decided to plant it. I didn't expect them to rise so quickly. The taste is excellent, I liked everything!
Svetlana, 46 years old.
My favorite variety is Bastion. Not only does it not need to be grown in advance. It is enough just to put the seed in the greenhouse. It tastes just great - delicate and sweetish. I am very happy!
Every gardener can choose a suitable variety of bunch cucumbers. They have amicable maturation and many advantages.
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Bouquet cucumbers are a gift for modern summer residents.
Will you believe if they tell you that one plant of bouquet-type cucumbers will give you as many greens as ten bushes of old traditional ones? And this is true.
Such hybrids of cucumbers are called bunched or bouquet... However, you need to know some rules for their selection and care for them.
- Significant saving of space in the beds, for a family of 3-4 people you can grow only a few plants, enough cucumbers for food and canning.
Proper care will allow you to remove up to 10 kg of tasty and non-bitter fruits from each bush.
- Resistance to diseases most common among pumpkin crops (which include cucumbers). You do not need time to treat diseases, you save money.
- Reliability in cultivation. Bouquet cucumbers do not reduce productivity due to changes in air temperature. They do not need to be sown or buy seedlings.
- Already in 38-40 days after germination, you can pick and eat greens, without spending money on store, which are always more expensive there than bananas.
Among the bunch cucumbers there are no varieties, only hybrids, so seeds from their own fruits are not sown. All the same, the desired plant will not work.
Some of the insect-pollinated hybrids are packed with colored pollinator seeds by breeding firms. These bags have a special symbol - a yellow seed in a pink square and the text "colored seeds - pollinator".
There are many bouquet hybrids, and they are different. It is not difficult to find the most suitable ones for yourself.
Hybrids with weak branching have been created. They quickly give an excellent harvest, but they do not bear fruit for long, only 1.5 months. But you do not need to pinch the extra shoots. Plants generally do not need greenhouses, but film shelters will do the trick on cooler days.
F1 hybrids: Ant, Bouquet, Balalaika, Alphabet.
Hybrids with strong and medium branching give green plants for a long time both in the greenhouse and in the open field. If they are covered in cool weather, they can bear fruit without reducing the yield until frost. They need more care, they need to be formed. The plants are also early ripening and look very picturesque: their branches resemble bunches of grapes.
F1 hybrids: Clean ponds. Three tankmen, Maryina grove, Junior lieutenant, Buyan, Grasshopper, Cheetah, Kozyrnaya karta, Little son, Bouquet for mom.
Hybrids with bouquet fruits-gherkins can hang on a branch for a long time and not outgrow. They do not need to be collected too often, they will not turn yellow.
There is also another bonus - there is a record number of zelents in the bouquet - 6-12 pieces! Fertility does not allow gherkins to grow in size, the plant simply does not have enough substances to feed such a number of greens.
F1 hybrids: Toaddy, Balcony, Captain, Be healthy.
Video: the best varieties from the producers Gavrish and Aelita for greenhouses and open ground.
Caring for cucumbers in bunches is not as difficult as many people think. You just need to know their special needs.
It is not necessary to cook seeds for sowing for a long time. They are only soaked in warm water (30-35 ° C) until they swell, wrapped in a damp cloth and waiting for the roots. Then they are sown in individual containers to a depth of 2 cm.
Multiple cucumbers and feeding require more. Complex fertilizer (aquarin, nitrophoska) is applied 2 weeks after germination before planting in a permanent place, approximately in mid-May.
On the bed, top dressing is continued with the same frequency with a mullein diluted with water (1:10) with the addition of 2 tbsp. spoons of ferriks in a bucket. When the buds open, the plants are sprayed with Epin-Extra or Zircon.
Bunch cucumbers must be grown on a trellis 2 m high. Watered only with warm water.
They are all female flowering, but most do not require pollination.
Well, for those who need it (Faithful friends F1, Alphabet F1, Teremok F1, Compass F1), it is necessary to plant up to 10% of pollinating plants.
In shading conditions, the "beam" is reduced. The number of ovaries may decrease due to excess nitrogen nutrition, dry soil, severe overheating.
To get an excellent harvest of small cucumbers, it is important not only to choose the right variety or hybrid, but also to grow the cucumbers correctly. To do this, you should adhere to simple rules for growing gherkins in greenhouses and open ground:
A feature of growing in open beds is the availability of pest damage to bushes. This is due to the misuse of organics. Aphids eat young leaves, the plant dries up and growth stops. If insects are found on the plants, it is necessary to immediately sanitize all beds with gherkins.
When watering in hot sunny weather, the leaves of the plants may turn yellow. This is due to sunburn. Watering is recommended in the early morning or late evening, when the sun has already set.
If the harvest is incorrect, fruits of different sizes ripen on the bushes. Due to old cucumbers, young ones do not have time to ripen, so timely harvest is needed.
If you follow these simple rules, you will get an excellent harvest of delicious and crunchy gherkins.